The harm of alcohol on the human body as alcohol is injurious to health

Many people have made alcohol a part of your life, sincerely believing that the only way to relax, cheer up and have a good time.


But only a few conscious people know that alcohol is kind of drug which penetrates into the body, adversely affects all vital organs and systems it is therefore necessary to realize the seriousness of the situation and in time to eliminate the systematic consumption of alcohol.

Every person needs to understand what are the consequences of alcohol consumption, then, perhaps, the desire to drink immediately lost.

If we consider the moral and ethical side, in a state of intoxication a person loses the ability to control their own actions, movement and speech, thus, doing crazy things, becomes the victim of accidents.

In addition, alcohol consumption disrupts the process of personal growth, but spontaneously in the process of complete degradation.

A significant injury

The use of ethyl alcohol in unlimited quantities was also bad for the health of the person, often causing a threat to life. Especially dangerous is the chemical compound for the heart, lungs, liver, digestive and nervous systems. Moreover, it aggravates the course of already existing diseases and promotes mental and mental disorders.

Indeed, the activity of ethanol can lead to a complete imbalance, however, in the first place is still "suffer" nervous and cardiovascular systems.

Weakened muscles, diabetes, blood clots, liver damage, kidney infection, depression, impotence, stomach ulcers – all these permanent diagnoses eternal alcoholics, and most of these pathological phenomena to permanently cure is impossible.

In liver cirrhosis, alcoholic hepatitis present, and possible diagnoses such as bacterial peritonitis (inflammation of abdominal cavity, with possible bleeding) and ascites (accumulation of excess fluid in the abdomen).

Also possible hormonal disturbances, resulting in grave consequences to the body becomes irreversible.

The behavior of alcohol in the human body

The initial portions of ethanol after penetration into the gastrointestinal tract, rapidly dilates blood vessels, causing accelerated secretion of gastric juice.

However, the increase in consumed doses leads to more global anomalies: there is a delay of release of juice, with the result that food remains in the stomach 2 and 10 hours or more, while starting to rapidly decompose.

This is due to nausea and vomiting, belching and an unpleasant nagging pain under the spoon.

The constant use of excessive amounts of alcohol:

  • bad for the heart, lungs, liver, digestive and nervous systems;
  • complicates the course of existing diseases;
  • compounding mental and intellectual disorders;
  • that leads to accidents. (In the Department of "Ambulance" any hospital can verify that many of them are there as a result of accidents caused by intoxication.)

The damage to the heart and lungs

Alcohol abuse causes heart disease and increases the risk of lung disease. Alcoholics are particularly vulnerable:

the harm of alcohol on the heart
  • arrhythmia;
  • chronic lung disease;
  • hypertension;
  • tuberculosis;
  • inflammation of the lungs.

Harm to the liver

The abuse of alcohol may occur:

  • alcoholic hepatitis — a kind of inflammation of the liver;
  • cirrhosis, or destruction of the liver cells;
  • fatty liver, in which its cells are filled with fat.

Harm for digestion

Alcohol abuse is the cause of many diseases of the digestive system, including:

  • gastritis;
  • cancer of the esophagus;
  • inflammation of the pancreas;
  • varicose veins of the esophagus, i.e. varicose veins in the esophagus that can cause bleeding and lead to death;
  • stomach ulcers and bleeding in the digestive tract; I, poor assimilation of nutrients.

Damage to the nervous system

Prolonged alcohol abuse can lead to:

  • alcoholic hallucinations;
  • alcoholic delirium (delirium tremens, delirium tremens), which causes hallucinations, tremors, sweating, fever, increased heart rate;
  • the Korsakoff's syndrome — permanent memory impairment associated with a lack of thiamine (vitamin b) as a result of alcohol abuse;
  • convulsions;
  • bleeding in the meninges;
  • encephalopathy Wernicke's — type brain degeneration, caused by lack of thiamine;
  • beriberi disease caused by lack of thiamine, leading to paralysis, exhaustion, indigestion, edema and heart failure.

And mental disorders

Long-term use of alcohol is associated with:

  • depression;
  • lack of motivation;
  • failures in work and social life;
  • drug abuse;
  • suicides.

Other complications

Alcohol abuse may be the cause:

  • low blood sugar levels;
  • leg ulcers;
  • inflammation of the prostate;
  • congenital alcohol syndrome (children of alcoholics), causing growth retardation, mental retardation and facial deformities;
  • life-threatening interactions with medications, even those sold without prescription.

Unhealthy drinks

Human health harms not only vodka, but also beer, wine, even in relatively small doses.

such beverages ethanol causes loss of memory, lethargy, reduced physical strength, slowness of movements, as well as shortness of breath, lost emotions, reduced mental and volitional abilities.

This effect in the body lasts for several hours, additionally, and from these drinks comes alcohol dependence.

alcohol is harmful for pregnant women

The dangers of alcohol for expectant mothers

The use of alcohol, even in small amounts, during pregnancy significantly increases the chance of pathological births, and babies born premature, with defects of the internal organs and exterior deformities. Such diseases are caused by the presence of fetal alcohol syndrome, almost impossible to cure, that's why future moms should think about the health of their baby if they wish to drink alcohol.

Scares and the fact that the norm is impossible, because each pregnant woman has a limit, which is determined individually and depends on a number of favorable factors.

Here we are talking about the reaction to alcohol of the mother's body, her physical and mental health, present harmful habits, pregnancy and hereditary predisposition.

That's why doctors agree that for the period of pregnancy and planning the consumption of alcohol is strictly prohibited as reassurance. The same applies to the father of the child.

For some people alcohol is a great temptation, but we must soberly assess the situation and understand that the dope contains a large number of poisons which not only impairs health, but also affect the physical and intellectual sphere of man. Therefore, taking in hands a glass of vodka, for example, ten times better to think carefully before swallowing.

Irreversible effects on the human brain

The man who once had to drink alcohol, remember his condition. It is also clearly seen sober who watches over the drunk. It is blurred vision, faltering speech, slow movements. After a small amount of alcohol consumed, you may experience forgetfulness. This is the reaction of the brain to alcohol.

Such effects are temporary, subject to infrequent consumption of alcohol, and pass through some time after the cessation of product receipt into the body. But if you drink it constantly, harmful effect on brain cells is irreversible. And it is noticeable even after the person is totally refused or recovered from alcoholism.

Today, more and more scientific research candidates of medical Sciences carried out in the area of effect of alcohol on cells and its harm on the activity of the human brain.

It is no secret that excessive alcohol consumption has a negative impact, generally, on the entire human body. Damaging it acts on the brain, which is manifested already after the first drinking glass.

Today we are not talking about the harmful effects of large doses of alcohol or people who suffer from alcoholism. Scientific studies have proven that even a small intake of alcohol is extremely harmful affects the brain and the whole body.

Among the factors that directly affect the degree of damaging effects on brain cells, identify the following:

  • the dose of alcohol consumed and the frequency of its use;
  • age indicators, taken into account the time of the first consumption period in which the alcohol is applied regularly;
  • social characteristics;
  • the opportunity of reception by mother of alcohol during the period of carrying a child that in the future also can affect the development of alcoholism;
  • the presence of chronic diseases.
alcohol damage to the brain

Next, consider some of the most common diseases that occur due to the harmful effects of alcohol on brain cells, and examine why this is so.

  • Brain fog. This is particularly evident if alcohol is to drink on an empty stomach and fast. For a short time, there can be seen a distraction. He is not able to respond adequately to what is happening around him, in General, does not perceive what he is told, his movements slowed. Short-term loss of control over their consciousness happens to most people is the conclusion of recent research. Although for a long time in medicine said the opposite.
  • Forgetfulness. Blackouts occur when a significant amount of alcohol consumed. And the higher the dose, the greater the area of the memory falls. While he is in this confusion can take illegal actions and absolutely nothing to remember in the morning. In General, doctors have proved that this influence of alcohol on the brain are more common in women than in men. This is due to the difference of the mechanisms of absorption of alcohol.
  • The lack of thiamine (vitamin B1). We all know that this vitamin is important for normal working of brain cells. It is noted that persons suffering from alcoholism, there is a General failure that is thiamine, which leads to the same consequences in the cortex.

If a pregnant woman would drink alkogolsoderzhaschih drinks, in most cases, there are changes in brain development of the child. They are expressed in physiological and behavioral aspects. A pregnant woman drink alcohol, generally, is impossible, as it may cause impaired fertility.

When alcoholism is the mother, children born with fetal alcohol syndrome. These kids may have defects of the internal organs, the brain volume can be several times smaller.

Their development is slowed down compared to normal healthy children. They often suffer from impaired social functions, and various behavioral abnormalities that is associated with a malfunction of neural cells in the brain.

Alcohol and Smoking

Alcoholic drinks and cigarettes themselves are harmful for the body. Smoking in combination with alcohol deals a double blow to the body. Molecules alcohol and nicotine are absorbed into the bloodstream, interact with red blood cells, which carry oxygen from the lungs to tissues and carbon dioxide back from the tissues.

Ethanol dissolves the protective layer with the outer surface of red blood cells, removing voltage from them, causing the red blood cells clump together with each other and form large balls. With increasing doses of alcohol consumed and cigarettes smoked their sizes increase.

This leads to the formation of clots in blood vessels, impaired blood flow to some areas of the brain and other human systems.

Alcohol and drugs

Drugs combined with alcohol cause tremendous harm to the organism and can lead to frequent deaths. Addicts can dissolve drugs in alcoholic drinks to get double the fun.

After this cocktail of nerve cells in the brain instantly amazed, as the body acts on two types of management: constraining and stimulating, completely opposite of each other.

Deterrent substances soothe and relax the nervous system, stimulating force her to be active. Alcohol in this case is the limiting substance, suppressing the nervous system, and cocaine is a stimulating, exciting and activating the nerve cells. This combination often ends with the death of a person.

Combining alcohol with drugs, man suppresses the body's basic reflexes and vital functions. Even at low doses of alcohol and drugs may be impaired respiratory function.

Therefore, the harm of alcohol and drugs turns into a deadly threat to life.

teenage alcoholism

The harm of alcohol on the body teen

The dangers of alcohol for teenagers is higher than that of an adult organism, as the child is at the stage of formation. The dangers of alcohol for teenagers is manifested in the inhibition of growth, delayed development of mental and sexual functions, muscle, affect a person's appearance.

Worse young body treats alcohol and not able to resist his influence. Enough 100 grams of wine or vodka to get teen drunk. Teenage alcoholism develops in 5 - 10 times faster than in adults. We should highlight the harm of alcoholic energy drinks, which seem to be harmless.

However, they contain ethanol, and can pose a threat to a child's life.

It is very important to the family and educational institutions to tell about the dangers of alcohol for teenagers and students. Regular preventive conversation about the dangers of alcohol will help to protect children from addictions further alcoholism.