Can I drink alcohol while taking antibiotics?

To the question, is it possible to combine therapy with antibacterial agents with alcohol, most doctors give a definite answer — drink alcoholic beverages is strictly prohibited. But some researchers say the possibility of combining some groups of drugs with a small amount of ethanol. Much depends on the active substance group of drugs, the physiological characteristics of the organism, the severity of the pathological process, the size and strength of the drink.

alcohol and antibiotics

Kind of alcohol and antibiotics

From the fortress and the composition of alcoholic beverages depends on its interaction with antibiotics and the effects on the body. The particular combination of antibacterial drugs with certain types of alcoholic beverages:

  1. Wine. Some researchers believe that the fortress drink can be combined with antibacterial drugs. But most doctors recommend not to risk it, especially since there are medicines, the reception of which can not be combined with any alcohol, even weak.
  2. Vodka. This is strong alcohol, the cleavage of which leaves a large number of enzymes. As a result, the uptake of antibiotics is difficult, so the effect is reduced. There is also the risk of adverse reactions, therefore, combine the vodka with antibiotics is prohibited.
  3. Beer. The low alcohol content in this drink makes patients mistakenly believe that with his use of antibiotics, there will be negative effects. But usually beer is consumed in such quantities that the blood is sufficiently high alcohol concentration, which may cause side effects.

The patient should always consider not only the strength of alcohol, but the amount of alcohol consumed. A couple of shots of vodka is not so dangerous as a few liters of beer. Of great importance is the composition. Natural wine is less dangerous for the body than carbonated alcoholic cocktails.

Antibiotics and their interaction with ethanol

Known cases from clinical practice, when patients did not comply with the recommendations and have sought medical help after the development of complications and adverse reactions.

Antibacterial drugs may be prescribed only by a physician, usually by being incompatible with alcohol, he shall so inform the patient. To take antibiotics without consulting with a doctor is impossible, it will lead to development of undesirable consequences, especially it is not necessary in this case to disturb them with alcohol.

Possible consequences

One of the key effects of drinking alcohol with antibiotics - lack of therapeutic effect. It is concerned with the theory that under the influence of ethyl alcohol are modified proteins of microorganisms, causing antibiotic associated not with a microbe, and with the alcohol molecule. In this case, the benefit of treatment brings.

Joint reception and is having a negative impact on the liver, especially in people long and regularly consume alcohol-containing beverages. Damaging effect on liver cells has ethyl alcohol, and antibacterial agents, and some drugs are broken down in the hepatocytes by the same enzymes as the alcohol. As a result, drugs continue to destroy the already damaged alcohol the liver tissue.

the effect of alcohol on antibiotics

Alcohol and antibiotics is having an effect on the gastrointestinal tract. Prolonged courses of antibacterial drugs developing antibiotic-associated diarrhea, because the active substances destroy both harmful and beneficial microflora, causing digestive disorders.

But when co-administered antibiotics and alcohol a different picture - alcohol provokes increased peristalsis (contractility), resulting in the absorption of nutrients and medications disturbed. Antibiotics do not enter the bloodstream, therefore, ineffective.

For violation of alcohol decomposition in the body develops disulfiramopodobna reaction. Alcohol is metabolized to acetaldehyde, causing the following symptoms:

  • heat and redness of the face and body;
  • lowering blood pressure
  • the feeling of palpitations;
  • nausea, vomiting;
  • heaviness in the chest, pain while breathing;
  • convulsions;
  • loss of consciousness in severe cases.

The name of this reaction gave the medication - the drug that was previously used in the fight against alcoholism. When used with beverages that contain added alcohol, develop the above symptoms. A similar effect give and antibiotics - they slow the breakdown of alcohol, causing the formation of acetaldehyde.

Possible occurrence of allergies - antibiotics, like any other antibacterial agent that can cause an allergic reaction. And the systematic use of alcohol, this probability increases.

How to combine alcohol and antibiotics without consequences?

If antibiotic therapy coincides with the period of holidays, you should check with your doctor whether you can consume beverages containing ethanol, during treatment. In some situations, the doctor can allow a glass of wine.

It should not be for the opportunity to consume alcohol to pass the next administration of antibacterial drug, in violation of the scheme of therapy (in the blood must be maintained constant concentration of active substance).

Take alcoholic drinks in a day after taking the antibiotic, or 20 hours to it, unless otherwise stated in the instructions for use of the drug.


There are several legends about where he went prohibition on joint use of alcohol and antibiotics and antimicrobials. Thus they tried to protect their patients from intoxication and idle lifestyle.

The other version is rooted in the years of the Second world war. In that period all the wounded soldiers EN masse was treated with antibiotics. Drugs were simply deficit, they are synthesized from the urine of patients. Alcohol negatively affects the safety of the molecules, so alcohol abuse threatened by the lack of high-quality medicines.

the consequences

A modern myth is the assertion that alcohol neutralizes the effect of antibiotics. Many of the drugs did not interact with the molecules of the alcohol. Does not decrease the functionality of the antibiotic, and the body's ability, in conditions of reduced immunity and in the presence of inflammation, to respond adequately to the therapy. therefore, the treatment efficiency is reduced.

Now some researchers claim that drinking alcohol in small amounts when taking certain antibiotics valid. But in any case you should consult your doctor as it is necessary to take into account a group of drugs that the patient's condition and the possibility of side effects as a drug and ethanol have a damaging effect on the body.